Sol: What happens to sugar during caramelization?

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The Question: What happens to sugar during caramelization?


It evaporates
It oxidizes
It rots
It sours


During caramelization, the sugar in a food oxidizes, or breaks down, through a process called pyrolysis. Heat helps break down sugar molecules, and, as a result, the sugar browns and takes on a nutty taste, creating the classic color and taste of caramel. Once caramelized, this sugar can be used in a whole host of tasty treats, from fudge to butterscotch.


The correct answer is It oxidizes.


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